Heinz Maier-Leibnitz

Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (1974). Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (28 March 1911, in Esslingen am Neckar – 16 December 2000, in Allensbach) was a German physicist. He made contributions to nuclear spectroscopy, coincidence measurement techniques, radioactive tracers for biochemistry and medicine, and neutron optics. He was an influential educator and an advisor to the Federal Republic of Germany on nuclear programs.

During World War II, Maier-Leibnitz worked at the Institute of Physics of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research, in Heidelberg. After the war, he spent a year working in North America, after which he returned to the Institute of Physics. In 1952, he assumed the Chair for Technical Physics and directorship of the Laboratory for Technical Physics at the . He became a leader in establishing and building centers which used nuclear reactors as neutron sources for research. The first was the , which was the seed for the entire Garching research campus of the . The second was the German-French project to construct a high-flux neutron source and found the in Grenoble, France; he was also its first director. His leadership also helped establish the Physics Department at the . Maier-Leibnitz was the chairman of a special committee for designing the German Nuclear Program, and thus he was the architect of the first full-scale nuclear program of the Federal Republic of Germany. He was a signatory of the Göttingen Manifest.

In his honor, the German Research Foundation annually awards six scientists with the . The research reactor is officially named . Provided by Wikipedia
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