The Effect of Episodes of Large Capital Inflows on Domestic Credit [E-Book] / Davide Furceri, Stéphanie Guichard and Elena Rusticelli
Furceri, Davide.
Guichard, Stéphanie. / Rusticelli, Elena.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2011
29 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
englisch
10.1787/5kgc9kpv8vg8-en
OECD Economics Department Working Papers ; 864
Economics
Full Text
This paper analyses the effect of capital inflow shocks on the evolution of domestic credit. Using a panel of developed and emerging economies from 1970 to 2007, it is shown that in the two years following the beginning of a capital inflow shock the credit-to-GDP ratio increases by about 2 percentage points. The effect is reversed in the medium-term with the credit-to-GDP ratio decreased by almost 4 percentage points seven years after the initial shock. The paper also finds that the effect is different depending on the type of flows characterising the episode (debt vs. portfolio equity vs. FDI), with large capital inflows that are debt-driven having the largest effect. The results of the paper also suggest that the short-term effect of capital inflow shocks on domestic credit depends on countries’ macroeconomic policy stances. In particular, it is found that this effect is lower in countries with higher real exchange rate flexibility and fiscal policy counter-cyclicality.