The Effects of Population Structure on Employment and Productivity [E-Book] / Hervé Boulhol
Boulhol, Hervé.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2009
36 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
OECD Economics Department Working Papers ; 684
Full Text
The composition of the working-age population can influence aggregate employment and average productivity because both employment rates and productivity levels vary across population groups. This paper assesses the quantitative importance of the working-age population broken down by age, gender and education in explaining differences in employment and productivity levels across countries. Differences in population structure are found to contribute importantly to variations in both labour utilisation and productivity performances. Combining these effects in a mechanical way, differences in the composition of the working-age population account for around a third of the gap in GDP per capita for Europe (EU15) vis-à-vis the United States, mainly due to differences in educational attainment.