Biotechnology and Developing Country Agriculture [E-Book]: Maize in Thailand / Suthad Setboonsarng
Setboonsarng, Suthad.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 1990
67 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
OECD Development Centre Working Papers ; 20
Full Text
Maize is a relatively new crop in Thailand, but since commercial production began in the 1950s it has become the second most important crop in terms of planted area and one of the country's top four agricultural exports. Major changes are occurring in the maize market in Thailand. On the supply side, increased production through land expansion will be curtailed in the future to prevent further destruction of forest areas and the area under cultivation actually reduced. On the demand side, until recently most maize was exported, but the rapid increase in domestic demand for livestock feed brings the future of exports into question. Higher yields could be achieved with current maize varieties through the increased application of fertilizer. However, not only is fertilizer expensive (the price of nitrogen is about six times the price of maize): there are also risks involved in applying fertilizer in Thailand's mainly rain-fed production conditions.Public sector maize research in ...