Measuring China's Innovation System [E-Book]: National Specificities and International Comparisons / Martin Schaaper
Schaaper, Martin.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2009
100 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
englisch
10.1787/227277262447
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers ; 2009/01
Science and Technology
China, People’s Republic
Full Text
This working paper provides input to the OECD Review of Innovation Policy for China (OECD, 2008), which was released in September 2008. Science and technology (S&T) have been pinpointed by the Chinese State Council as a key driving force for sustainable economic growth and the transformation of China into an innovation-oriented nation on the basis of the development of a national innovation system with strong indigenous innovation capacity. One of the targets set in the National Guidelines for the Medium- and Long-term Plan for Science and Technology Development (2006-20) is to raise the ratio of R&D to GDP to 2% by 2010 and to 2.5% or more by 2020. This is an extremely ambitious target, as it implies the need for R&D expenditure to increase by at least 10-15% annually.