Continental vs. Intercontinental Migration [E-Book]: An Empirical Analysis of the Impacts of Immigration Reforms on Burkina Faso / Fleur Wouterse
Wouterse, Fleur.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2011
38 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
englisch
10.1787/5kgc79p30hvb-en
OECD Development Centre Working Papers ; 299
Development
Burkina Faso
Full Text
This working paper uses an agricultural household model to explore the impact of potential immigration policy reforms on the welfare of rural households in Burkina Faso. Simulation results demonstrate that, in contrast to continental migration, increased intercontinental migration has strong positive household welfare effects. Similarly, an increase in the stay abroad of intercontinental migrants impacts positively on welfare. Findings lend support to the introduction of a Temporary Migration Programme (TMP) which, by lowering the cost involved, would enable poorer households to engage in intercontinental migration. The temporary nature of such a program ensures that ‚Dutch disease? effects are mitigated through eventual migrant return. Granting of legal status to migrants already abroad through a temporary work and residence permit is also recommended if the objective is to improve the welfare of migrant-sending households. Legalisation can be granted under the same TMP so that the eventual return of migrants would be encouraged.