National Versus Regional Financing and Management of Unemployment and Related Benefits [E-Book]: The Case of Canada / David Gray
Gray, David.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2003
30 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
englisch
10.1787/023874261242
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers ; 14
Social Issues/Migration/Health
Canada
Full Text
Decentralization looms large in any analysis of Canadian economic and social policy. This trend has been especially pronounced in the area of unemployment insurance (UI) and social assistance (SA) programmes. Provinces now manage SA programmes and retain 100% of any cost savings that they achieve, while the Federal government maintains full responsibility for the passive component of UI. Under a series of provincial-federal Labour Market Development Agreements, since 1997 most of Canada's provinces have taken over administrative responsibility for the employment benefit and support measures (EBSMs) targeted on UI beneficiaries. A number of articles have examined the implications for provincial SA systems of restrictive measures in the UI programme. This paper examines the possibility that provinces may shift actual and potential SA clients onto the insurance system (now called employment insurance, EI). It concludes that within the context of EBSMs, any cost-shifting of this ...