International Trade and the Transfer of Environmental Costs and Benefits [E-Book] / Hiro Lee and David Roland-Holst
Lee, Hiro.
Roland-Holst, David.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 1993
47 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
OECD Development Centre Working Papers ; 91
Full Text
The environmental implications of international trade have come under intensified scrutiny in recent years, particularly with expanded interest in multilateralism, regionalism, and other negotiated trade regimes. The transfer of environmental effects, both positive and negative, is embodied in most trade patterns, particularly those which reflect technological hierarchy or other stratification by degree of economic modernization. Despite the emotional reaction these issues often arouse, the question of whether and to whom these transfers are beneficial or detrimental is a very complex one. In this paper, we use applied general equilibrium analysis to examine a well-established trade relationship between two diverse economies, Japan and Indonesia. Historically, it appears that their bilateral trade has conferred asymmetric environmental effects on the two countries, effecting a net transfer of some environmental costs from the former to the latter. In the light of this negative ...