Kinetics of Metal-Gas Interactions at Low Temperatures [E-Book] : Hydriding, Oxidation, Poisoning / by Eckehard Fromm.
Fromm, Eckehard, (author)
Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 1998
XIII, 206 p. 4 illus. online resource.
englisch
9783642603112
10.1007/978-3-642-60311-2
Springer Series in Surface Sciences ; 36
Full Text
Table of Contents:
  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Principles of Reaction Kinetics
  • 2.1 Equilibria of Chemical Reactions
  • 2.2 Structure of Reaction Models
  • 2.3 Characteristics of Reaction Partial Steps
  • 3 Experimental Techniques
  • 3.1 Initial State of Metal Surfaces and UHV Experiments
  • 3.2 Volumetric and Manometric Methods
  • 3.3 Quartz Crystal Microbalance
  • 3.4 Ellipsometry
  • 3.5 Energetic Ion Scattering
  • 3.6 X-Ray Reflectivity
  • 3.7 Surface-Analytical Methods
  • 4 Hydrogen Reactions
  • 4.1 Experimental Results
  • 4.2 Hydrogen Solution in Metals
  • 4.3 Hydride Formation
  • 4.4 Computer Simulation of Advanced Models
  • 5 Low-Temperature Oxidation
  • 5.1 Experimental Results
  • 5.2 Rate Laws Proposed in the Literature
  • 5.3 Partial Steps of the Oxidation Reaction
  • 5.4 Relations and Constants Used in Model Calculations
  • 5.5 Example of a Model Considering Space Charges
  • 5.6 Models Neglecting Space Charges
  • 5.7 Detailed Presentation of a Model with Metal Interstitials as Mobile Defects
  • 5.8 Results of Model Calculations, Parameter Variations
  • 5.9 Effects of the Defect Structure of the Oxide
  • 5.10 Simulation of Experiments with the Volumetric Method
  • 5.11 Reaction Mechanisms of Low-Temperature Oxidation
  • 6 Poisoning of Hydrogen Reactions
  • 6.1 Experimental Results
  • 6.2 Stability of Oxide Layers at Elevated Temperatures
  • 6.3 Surface Layer of Constant Thickness
  • 6.4 Contamination Layers Growing During Exposure
  • Appendices
  • A Chemical Potentials and Standard States
  • A.1 Chemical Potentials
  • A.1.1 Definitions
  • A.2 Standard States and Standard Reactions
  • A.2.1 Elements
  • A.2.3 Physisorption
  • A.2.4 Molecular Chemisorption
  • A.2.5 Atomic Chemisorption
  • A.2.6 Metal Interstitials
  • A.2.7 Metal Vacancy
  • A.2.8 Oxygen Interstitials
  • A.2.9 Oxygen Vacancy
  • A.2.10Other Compounds
  • B Equilibria of Charged Species
  • B.1 Poisson Equation
  • B.2 Dipole Layers
  • B.3 Space Charges
  • B.3.3 Conclusions
  • B.4 Mott Potential
  • B.4.1 Oxygen Molecules as Acceptors
  • B.4.2 Oxygen Atoms as Acceptors
  • B.4.3 Pressure Independent Acceptor Sites
  • B.4.4 Conditions for the Existence of a Mott Equilibrium Potential
  • B.5 Equilibria in Oxide Layers
  • C Electronic Currents
  • C.1 Tunneling
  • C.2 Hopping Mechanism
  • C.3 Semiconduction
  • D Ionic Currents
  • D.1 Basic Equations
  • D.1.1 Zero Concentration Gradient
  • D.1.2 Zero Field Current
  • D.1.3 High Field Transport Equation
  • D.1.4 Steady State Current in a Homogeneous Field
  • D.2 Space Charge Effects
  • D.3 Coupled Currents
  • E Units, Material Constants
  • Symbols
  • References.