Low-Temperature Physics: an introduction for scientists and engineers [E-Book] / by P. V. E. McClintock, D. J. Meredith, J. K. Wigmore.
McClintock, P. V. E., (author)
Meredith, D. J., (author) / Wigmore, J. K., (author)
Dordrecht : Springer, 1992
VIII, 296 p. online resource.
englisch
9789401122764
10.1007/978-94-011-2276-4
Full Text
Table of Contents:
  • 1. Introduction
  • 1.1 The significance of low temperatures
  • 1.2 The Third Law of Thermodynamics
  • 1.3 Liquefaction of gases
  • 1.4 Solids at low temperatures
  • 1.5 Liquid helium
  • 1.6 Macroscopic quantization
  • 2. Phonons
  • 2.1 The model of a solid at low temperatures
  • 2.2 Phonon modes and propagation
  • 2.3 Thermal properties
  • 2.4 Lattice anharmonicity
  • 2.5 Scattering of photons
  • 2.6 Solid helium—a quantum solid
  • 2.7 Phonons and disorder
  • 3. Electrons
  • 3.1 Electrons in solids
  • 3.2 Studies of Fermi surfaces
  • 3.3 Transport properties of metals
  • 3.4 Scattering of electrons in metals
  • 3.5 Semiconductors and localization
  • 3.6 Low-dimensional electron systems
  • 4. Superconductivity
  • 4.1 The transition to the superconducting state
  • 4.2 Thermal properties
  • 4.3 Electric, magnetic and electrodynamic properties
  • 4.4 Theory of superconductivity
  • 4.5 Consequences of the BCS theory
  • 4.6 Josephson effects
  • 4.7 Type II superconductivity
  • 4.8 Superconductivity in non-standard systems
  • 4.9 High-temperature superconductors
  • 5. Liquid helium-4
  • 5.1 Influence of Bose-Einstein statistics
  • 5.2 Two-fluid properties
  • 5.3 Wave propagation
  • 5.4 Superfluidity and excitations
  • 5.5 Quantized vortices in HeII
  • 5.6 The HeII surface and creeping superfluid films
  • 5.7 Critical velocities
  • 5.8 Other boson fluids
  • 6. Liquid helium-3 and3He-4He solutions
  • 6.1 Influence of Fermi-Dirac statistics
  • 6.2 Properties of normal liquid 3He
  • 6.3 The Landau theory of liquid 3He
  • 6.4 Superfluid phases of 3He
  • 6.5 Liquid 3He-4He solutions
  • 6.6 Other fermion fluids
  • 7. Experimental methods at low temperatures
  • 7.1 Principles of cryostat design
  • 7.2 Cooling with 4He
  • 7.3 Cooling with 3He
  • 7.4 Magnetic cooling
  • 7.5 Thermometry and instrumentation
  • 8. Applications
  • 8.1 Uses of low temperatures
  • 8.2 High-current and magnetic-field applications of superconductivity
  • 8.3 Low-temperature electronics
  • 8.4 Uses of liquefied gases.