The Theory of Cosmic Grains [E-Book] / by F. Hoyle, N. C. Wickramasinghe.
Hoyle, F., (author)
Wickramasinghe, N. C., (author)
Dordrecht : Springer, 1991
IX, 307 p. online resource.
englisch
9789401134026
10.1007/978-94-011-3402-6
Astrophysics and Space Science Library ; 168
Full Text
Table of Contents:
  • 1. Introduction
  • 1.1. Early Ideas
  • 1.2. Trumpler’s Method of Estimating Interstellar Extinction
  • 1.3. The First Colour Measurements
  • 1.4. The Oort Limit
  • 1.5. Data Relating to Interstellar Clouds
  • 1.6. Correlation Between Gas and Dust Clouds
  • 1.7. Composition of Grains
  • 2. Electromagnetic Properties of Small Particles
  • 2.1. Homogeneous Spherical Particles
  • 2.2. Composite Spheres
  • 2.3. Infinite Cylinders
  • 2.4. Rayleigh Scattering by Ellipsiods
  • 2.5. Heterogeneous or Porous Grains
  • 2.6. Absorption Cross—sections, Bulk Absorption Coefficient and Emissivity
  • 2.7. Two Special Cases
  • 3. Interstellar Extinction and Polarisation
  • 3.1. Equation of Transfer
  • 3.2. Observations of Interstellar Extinction, Definition of Colour Indices and Colour Excesses
  • 3.3. Observations of Interstellar Polarisation
  • 3.4. Diffuse Interstellar Bands
  • 4. Reflection Nebulae and the Diffuse Galactic Light
  • 4.1. Introductory Remarks
  • 4.2. Apparent Size of Reflection Nebulae
  • 4.3. Observations of NGC 7023
  • 4.4. Observations of Reflection Nebula Around Merope
  • 4.5. Multiple Scattering Models of Reflection Nebulae
  • 4.6. Diffuse Galactic Light
  • 5 Interactions between Dust, Gas and Radiation
  • 5.1.Introductory Remarks
  • 5.2. Grain Temperatures for Sandard Grains
  • 5.3.Temperature Spikes in Very Small Grains
  • 5.4.Electrostatic Gharge on Grains
  • 5.5.Rotation of Grains
  • 5.6.Radio Waves from Grains
  • 5.7.Molecule Formation
  • 5.8. Growth and Destruction of Grains
  • 5.9. Effects of Radiation Pressure
  • 5.10. Gyration About the Magnetic Field
  • 5.11. Alignment of Grains
  • 5.12. Depletion of Elements from the Gas Phase
  • 6. Inorganic Theories of Grain Formation
  • 6.1. Interstellar Condensation
  • 6.2. Condensation of Graphite Grains
  • 6.3. Condensation of Grains in Cool Oxygen—rich Giant Stars
  • 6.4. Core—mantle Grains
  • 7. The Organic Grain Model
  • 7.1. Introductory Remarks
  • 7.2. Polymerisation of Formaldehyde
  • 7.3. From Formaldehyde to Polysacharides
  • 7.4. Polysacharide Formation in Stellar Mass Flows
  • 7.5. HAC, PAH and QCC Models
  • 7.6. Fischer Tropsch Reactions in the Gas Phase
  • 7.7. The Biological Grain Model
  • 8. Models of the Extinction and Polarisation of Starlight
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. The Visual Extinction Curve
  • 8.3. The Ultraviolet Extinction Curve: Extinction Curves for Graphite Grains
  • 8.4. Polarisation Constraints
  • 8.5. An Organic/Biologic Grain Model
  • 8.6. Analysis of a Biological Grain Model
  • 8.7. Refinements to Biological Extinction Model
  • 9. Spectroscopic Identifications
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. The 8 – 13µm Features in Astronomy
  • 9.3. The 8 – 40µm Flux from the Trapezium Nebula
  • 9.4. The 3.4µm Band: Proof that Grains are Mainly Organic
  • 9.5. Modelling the 2.9 – 4µm IR Data for GC-IRS7
  • 9.6. How Much Water — Ice?
  • 9.7. Sources with Spectra in the 2 – 14µm Waveband
  • 9.8. Evidence for PAH
  • 9.9. Aromatic Molecules and the Diffuse Optical Bands
  • 10. Dust in External Galaxies
  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. The Magellanic Clouds: LMC and SMC
  • 10.3. M82 and Other Galaxies
  • 10.4. Particles of High Infrared Emissivity
  • 10.5. The Ejection of Iron Whiskers from Galaxies
  • 10.6. The Microwave Background.