Muslim fortresses in the Levant : between crusaders and Mongols [E-Book] / Kate Raphael.
Raphael, Kate.
London ; Routledge, 2011
xvi, 265 pages, illustrations, maps.
Culture and civilization in the Middle East ; 23
Full Text
Table of Contents:
  • Ayyubid fortresses in the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries:
  • Muslims' apprenticeship
  • Mongolian siege warfare and the defense of Mamluk fortresses
  • Laying the foundations : fortification work conducted during the reign of Baybars (1260-1277), Qalawun (1280-1290) and al-Ashraf Khalil (1290-1293)
  • Mamluk power on display : fortifications in the second half of the thirteenth century
  • Military architecture versus political and military organization.