Oeuvres de Fourier. [E-Book] / edited by Jean Gaston Darboux. Volume 2
Fourier, Jean-Baptiste-Joseph, (author)
Darboux, Gaston, (editor)
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2013
1 online resource (xii, 636 pages)
Cambridge library collection. Mathematics
Full Text
Following the French Revolution, the physicist and mathematician Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830) taught at the École Normale Supérieure and later succeeded Lagrange at the École Polytechnique. He was promoted to administrative positions under Napoleon, but continued to pursue his scientific interests. From 1822 until his death he served as the permanent secretary for mathematical sciences at the Académie des Sciences. These selected works were edited by the mathematician Jean Gaston Darboux (1842-1917) and published in two volumes between 1888 and 1890. Volume 2 contains several extraordinary contributions: the first paper to address the question of why the earth's surface is warm (which we now call the greenhouse effect), the first paper to address the cooling of the earth's interior (still a major research topic) and the first paper on optimisation under linear constraints, along with the results on roots of polynomials which first made Fourier's reputation.