Physical Optics [EBook] : Concepts, Optical Elements, and Techniques / by Giovanni Giusfredi.
Physical Optics [EBook] : Concepts, Optical Elements, and Techniques / by Giovanni Giusfredi.
This textbook provides a sound foundation in physical optics by covering key concepts in a rigorous but accessible manner. Propagation of electromagnetic waves is examined from multiple perspectives, with explanation of which viewpoints and methods are best suited to different situations. After an i...
Personal Name(s):  Giusfredi, Giovanni, (author) 

Edition: 
1st edition 2019. 
Imprint: 
Cham :
Springer,
2019

Physical Description: 
XXX, 933 pages 2 illustrations (online resource) 
Note: 
englisch 
ISBN: 
9783030252793 
DOI: 
10.1007/9783030252793 
Series Title: 
UNITEXT for Physics

Subject (LOC):  
Full Text 
Table of Contents:
 Introduction to Optics
 Part I Electromagnetism
 Historical notes: the first discoveries about magnetism and electricity
 The dawning
 The laws of electromagnetism
 The discovery of electromagnetic waves
 Suggested reading
 1 Recalls of electromagnetism
 Introduction
 1.1 The fundamentals
 1.2 Maxwell's equations in macroscopic media
 1.3 Complex field representation
 1.4 Electromagnetic waves
 1.5 Energy flow and density of momentum and energy
 1.6 Polarization
 1.7 Reflection and refraction on plane interface
 1.8 Dispersion theory
 1.9 Optics of metals and absorbent materials
 Bibliographical references
 Part II Geometrical Optics
 Historical notes: from Empedoklēs to Huygens
 The dawning
 The Arab period
 The Middle Ages
 The Renaissance
 The New Science
 The law of refraction and the speed of light
 The debate over the nature of light
 Suggested reading
 2 Geometrical Optics
 Introduction
 2.1 Derivation of Geometrical Optics for λ à 0
 2.2 Propagation properties in Geometrical Optics
 2.3 General properties of the rays
 2.4 Optical images
 2.5 Ideal images
 2.6 Paraxial Optics
 2.7 The method of matrices
 2.8 Apertures of an optical system
 2.9 Aberrations
 2.10 Plane mirrors and prisms
 Bibliographical references
 Part III Physical Optics
 Historical notes: from Newton to Fresnel
 The Newton's Optics
 The progress of 18th century
 The emission theory and the speed of light
 Young and the principle of interference
 Fresnel
 The ether and the stellar aberration
 The diffraction and the interference
 The "Mémoire couronné"
 The studies on polarization
 The transverse nature of the waves
 The reflection
 The propagation in anisotropic media
 Epilogue
 Suggested reading
 3. Interference
 Introduction
 3.1 Generalities on interference
 3.2 Twowave interference
 3.3 Multiplewave interference
 3.4 Dielectric film with multiple layers
 4 Diffraction
 Introduction
 4.1 Scalar theory of diffraction
 4.2 Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction
 4.3 Examples of Fraunhofer's diffraction
 4.4 Examples of Fresnel's diffraction
 Bibliographical references
 Part IV Fourier's Optics
 Historical notes: from Fourier to Fizeau
 The mathematicians
 New glasses and optical instruments
 The research on the speed of light and on the aether
 The photography
 The studies on the color and the physiology of the eye
 Suggested reading
 5 Fourier's Optics
 Introduction
 5.1 Mathematical preliminaries
 5.2 Sampling theorems
 5.3 Applications of the Fourier transform to the diffraction
 5.4 Analysis of optical systems by means of the theory of linear systems
 5.5 Coherence
 5.6 Spatial filtering
 5.7 Diffraction gratings
 Bibliographical references
 Part V Propagation
 Historical notes: from Kirchhoff to Einstein
 The Relativity
 The black body radiation
 The photon
 Suggested reading
 6 Propagation of laser beams in linear media
 Introduction
 6.1 The paraxial wave equation
 6.2 Propagation of the fundamental Gaussian mode
 6.3 Modes of higher order
 6.4 Practical notes
 6.5 Transformations induced by lenses and by axial optical systems
 6.6 Propagation in astigmatic paraxial optical systems
 6.7 Bessel's waves
 6.8 BesselGauss beams
 6.9 Resonant cavity
 Bibliographical references
 7 Light propagation in anisotropic media
 Introduction
 7.1 Crystallography
 7.2 The dielectric tensor
 7.3 Crystal classes and principal axes
 7.4 Propagation modes for the field D
 7.5 Propagation modes for the field E
 7.6 Relations between the surfaces of phase velocity, group velocity and wave vectors
 7.7 Refraction at the interface with an anisotropic medium
 7.8 Interference with birefringent plates
 7.9 Bianisotropy
 7.10 Form birefringence
 7.11 Devices of manipulation and analysis of the polarization
 Bibliographical references
 Appendix A Conventions on electromagnetism
 Appendix B Mathematical relations
 B.1 Vector formulas
 B.2 Theorems on integral
 B.3 Bessel functions
 B.4 Fresnel integrals
 B.5 Error function
 Appendix C The founding fathers of Optics
 Author index
 Analytical index.