Physical Optics [E-Book] : Concepts, Optical Elements, and Techniques / by Giovanni Giusfredi.
Giusfredi, Giovanni, (author)
1st edition 2019.
Cham : Springer, 2019
XXX, 933 pages 2 illustrations (online resource)
englisch
9783030252793
10.1007/978-3-030-25279-3
UNITEXT for Physics
Full Text
Table of Contents:
  • Introduction to Optics
  • Part I Electromagnetism
  • Historical notes: the first discoveries about magnetism and electricity
  • The dawning
  • The laws of electromagnetism
  • The discovery of electromagnetic waves
  • Suggested reading
  • 1 Recalls of electromagnetism
  • Introduction
  • 1.1 The fundamentals
  • 1.2 Maxwell's equations in macroscopic media
  • 1.3 Complex field representation
  • 1.4 Electromagnetic waves
  • 1.5 Energy flow and density of momentum and energy
  • 1.6 Polarization
  • 1.7 Reflection and refraction on plane interface
  • 1.8 Dispersion theory
  • 1.9 Optics of metals and absorbent materials
  • Bibliographical references
  • Part II Geometrical Optics
  • Historical notes: from Empedoklēs to Huygens
  • The dawning
  • The Arab period
  • The Middle Ages
  • The Renaissance
  • The New Science
  • The law of refraction and the speed of light
  • The debate over the nature of light
  • Suggested reading
  • 2 Geometrical Optics
  • Introduction
  • 2.1 Derivation of Geometrical Optics for λ à 0
  • 2.2 Propagation properties in Geometrical Optics
  • 2.3 General properties of the rays
  • 2.4 Optical images
  • 2.5 Ideal images
  • 2.6 Paraxial Optics
  • 2.7 The method of matrices
  • 2.8 Apertures of an optical system
  • 2.9 Aberrations
  • 2.10 Plane mirrors and prisms
  • Bibliographical references
  • Part III Physical Optics
  • Historical notes: from Newton to Fresnel
  • The Newton's Optics
  • The progress of 18th century
  • The emission theory and the speed of light
  • Young and the principle of interference
  • Fresnel
  • The ether and the stellar aberration
  • The diffraction and the interference
  • The "Mémoire couronné"
  • The studies on polarization
  • The transverse nature of the waves
  • The reflection
  • The propagation in anisotropic media
  • Epilogue
  • Suggested reading
  • 3. Interference
  • Introduction
  • 3.1 Generalities on interference
  • 3.2 Two-wave interference
  • 3.3 Multiple-wave interference
  • 3.4 Dielectric film with multiple layers
  • 4 Diffraction
  • Introduction
  • 4.1 Scalar theory of diffraction
  • 4.2 Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction
  • 4.3 Examples of Fraunhofer's diffraction
  • 4.4 Examples of Fresnel's diffraction
  • Bibliographical references
  • Part IV Fourier's Optics
  • Historical notes: from Fourier to Fizeau
  • The mathematicians
  • New glasses and optical instruments
  • The research on the speed of light and on the aether
  • The photography
  • The studies on the color and the physiology of the eye
  • Suggested reading
  • 5 Fourier's Optics
  • Introduction
  • 5.1 Mathematical preliminaries
  • 5.2 Sampling theorems
  • 5.3 Applications of the Fourier transform to the diffraction
  • 5.4 Analysis of optical systems by means of the theory of linear systems
  • 5.5 Coherence
  • 5.6 Spatial filtering
  • 5.7 Diffraction gratings
  • Bibliographical references
  • Part V Propagation
  • Historical notes: from Kirchhoff to Einstein
  • The Relativity
  • The black body radiation
  • The photon
  • Suggested reading
  • 6 Propagation of laser beams in linear media
  • Introduction
  • 6.1 The paraxial wave equation
  • 6.2 Propagation of the fundamental Gaussian mode
  • 6.3 Modes of higher order
  • 6.4 Practical notes
  • 6.5 Transformations induced by lenses and by axial optical systems
  • 6.6 Propagation in astigmatic paraxial optical systems
  • 6.7 Bessel's waves
  • 6.8 Bessel-Gauss beams
  • 6.9 Resonant cavity
  • Bibliographical references
  • 7 Light propagation in anisotropic media
  • Introduction
  • 7.1 Crystallography
  • 7.2 The dielectric tensor
  • 7.3 Crystal classes and principal axes
  • 7.4 Propagation modes for the field D
  • 7.5 Propagation modes for the field E
  • 7.6 Relations between the surfaces of phase velocity, group velocity and wave vectors
  • 7.7 Refraction at the interface with an anisotropic medium
  • 7.8 Interference with birefringent plates
  • 7.9 Bianisotropy
  • 7.10 Form birefringence
  • 7.11 Devices of manipulation and analysis of the polarization
  • Bibliographical references
  • Appendix A Conventions on electromagnetism
  • Appendix B Mathematical relations
  • B.1 Vector formulas
  • B.2 Theorems on integral
  • B.3 Bessel functions
  • B.4 Fresnel integrals
  • B.5 Error function
  • Appendix C The founding fathers of Optics
  • Author index
  • Analytical index.