This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2013 

Empirical Characteristics of Different Types of Pedestrian Streams
Zhang, Jun (Corresponding author)
Seyfried, Armin
Jülich Supercomputing Center; JSC
Procedia engineering, 62 (2013) S. 655 - 662
Amsterdam [u.a.] Elsevier 2013
655 - 662
10.1016/j.proeng.2013.08.111
9th Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Science and Technology, Hefei (China), 2012-10-17 - 2012-10-20
Contribution to a conference proceedings
Journal Article
Computational Science and Mathematical Methods
Please use the identifier: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.08.111 in citations.
Reliable empirical data and proper understanding of pedestrian dynamics are necessary for fire safety design. However, specifications and data in different handbooks as well as experimental studies differ considerably. In this study, series of experiments under laboratory conditions were carried out to study the characteristics of uni- and bidirectional pedestrian streams in straight corridor. The Voronoi method is used to resolve the fine structure of the resulting velocity–density relations and spatial dependence of the measurements. The result shows differences in the shape of the relation for ρ > 1.0 m−2. The maximal specific flow of unidirectional streams is significantly larger than that of all bidirectional streams examined.