This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2013 

New Progress in the fabrication of n-i-p micromorph solar cells for opaque substrates
Biron, R. (Corresponding Author)
Hänni, S. / Boccard, M. / Pahud, C. / Söderström, K. / Duchamp, Martial / Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal / Bugnon, G. / Ding, L. / Nicolay, S. / Parascandolo, G. / Meillaud, F. / Despeisse, M. / Haug, F. J. / Ballif, Chr.
Mikrostrukturforschung; PGI-5
Solar energy materials & solar cells, 114 (2013) S. 147 - 155
Amsterdam North Holland 2013
10.1016/j.solmat.2013.02.032
Journal Article
Exploratory materials and phenomena
Please use the identifier: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2013.02.032 in citations.
In this paper, we investigate tandem amorphous/microcrystalline silicon solar cells with asymmetric intermediate reflectors grown in the n–i–p substrate configuration. We compare different types of substrates with respect to their light-trapping properties as well as their influence on the growth of single-junction microcrystalline cells. Our most promising back reflector combines a textured zinc oxide film grown by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition, a silver film for reflection, and a zinc oxide buffer layer. Grown on this substrate, microcrystalline cells exhibit excellent response in the infrared while keeping high open-circuit voltage and fill factor, leading to efficiencies of up to 10.0%. After optimizing the morphology of the asymmetric intermediate reflector, we achieve an n–i–p micromorph solar cell stabilized efficiency of 11.6%, using 270 nm and 1.7 μm of silicon for the absorber layer of the amorphous top cell and the microcrystalline bottom cell, respectively. Using this original device architecture, we reach efficiencies close to those of state-of-the-art n–i–p and p–i–n micromorph devices, demonstrating a promising route to deposit high-efficiency thin-film silicon solar cells on opaque substrates.