This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2014 

The New EU Basic Safety Standards Directive
Hill, Peter (Corresponding Author)
Heuel-Fabianek, Burkhard
Betrieblicher Strahlenschutz; S-B
Abteilung Sicherheit und Strahlenschutz; S
Vi International Conference 'Semipalatinsk Test Site: Radiation Legacy and Development Perspectives', Kurchatow (Kazakhstan), 2014-09-24 - 2014-09-26
Conference Presentation
ohne Topic
THE NEW EU BASIC SAFETY STANDARDS DIRECTIVEP.Hill, B.Heuel-Fabianek Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, S, 52425 Jülich, GermanyEuratom Treaty (1957): Article 30 of the treaty together with Article 2 and Article 31 is the legal basis for establishing European basic safety standards for the protection of people against dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiations. They shall ensure the highest possible protection of workers, members of the public and patients. European Basic Safety Standards: The first directive was adopted in 1959. In 1962, 1966, 1976, 1980, 1984 and 1996 the Directive was amended. Following a legislative resolution of the European Parliament the latest revision (Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom) was adopted by the European Council on December,15th 2013 and published in the Official Journal of the European Union on January 17th, 2013. It combines five existing Euratom Directives (BSS, Medical Exposures, Public Information, Outrside Workers and Control of High-Activity Sealed Radioactive Sources and Orphan Sources) and a recommendation (Radon). All 28 member states of the European Union have to implement the new Directive and transform it into national regulation by February 6th, 2018. Main features: The 2013 revision covers all radiation sources (including natural radiation) as well as all exposure situations. It integrates the protection of workers, members of the public, patients and the environment. It is based on latest scientific findings and recommendations as e.g. ICRP publication 103 (2007). The dose limit for occupational exposure is now 20 mSv in any single year. A new dose limit has been adapted for the lens of the eye (20 mSv per year). National dose registries are required and a dose pass book is foreseen. Workers in workplaces with Radon, workers in NORM industries, air/space crews and emergency workers are consistently treated according to the occupational radiation protection regime. In the protection of members of the public special emphasis is given to protection from natural sources of radiation (e.g. Radon), to existing exposure situations (e.g. contaminated areas) and planned exposure situations (e.g. environmental monitoring). The protection of patients is improved by strenthening the safety culture in the medical area (e.g. justification, risk analysis, informed consent). Deliberate exposures of individuals for non-medical purposes (e.g. detection of concealed objects in or on the human body) are restricted and need a sound justification. Emergency preparedness demands e.g. the risk assessment of potential emergency sitiuations, the establishment of reference levels and the establishment of emergency response plans. In emergency response an immediate notification of the event. assessment of the consequences, appropriate protective measures to mitigate the consequences and information of the public is foreseen.