This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2015 

Modified strontium titanates: from defect chemistry to SOFC anodes
Verbraeken, M. C. (Corresponding Author)
Ramos, T. / Agersted, K. / Ma, Q. / Savaniu, C. D. / Sudireddy, B. R. / Irvine, J. T. S. / Holtappels, P. / Tietz, F.
Werkstoffsynthese und Herstellungsverfahren; IEK-1
RSC Advances, 5 (2015) 2, S. 1168 - 1180
London RSC Publishing 2015
10.1039/C4RA09751C
Review
Journal Article
Fuel Cells
Please use the identifier: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C4RA09751C in citations.
Modified strontium titanates have received much attention recently for their potential as anode material in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). Their inherent redox stability and superior tolerance to sulphur poisoning and coking as compared to Ni based cermet anodes could improve durability of SOFC systems dramatically. Various substitution strategies can be deployed to optimise materials properties in these strontium titanates, such as electronic conductivity, electrocatalytic activity, chemical stability and sinterability, and thus mechanical strength. Substitution strategies not only cover choice and amount of substituent, but also perovskite defect chemistry, distinguishing between A-site deficiency (A1−xBO3) and cation-stoichiometry (ABO3+δ). Literature suggests distinct differences in the materials properties between the latter two compositional approaches. After discussing the defect chemistry of modified strontium titanates, this paper reviews three different A-site deficient donor (La, Y, Nb) substituted strontium titanates for their electrical behaviour and fuel cell performance. Promising performances in both electrolyte as well as anode supported cell designs have been obtained, when using hydrogen as fuel. Performances are retained after numerous redox cycles. Long term stability in sulphur and carbon containing fuels still needs to be explored in greater detail