This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2001 

Development of thick B4C coatings for the first wall of W7-X
Kötterl, S.
Bolt, H. / Greuner, H. / Huber, A. / Linke, J. / Mayer, M. / Philipps, V. / Pospieszczyk, A. / Renner, H. / Roth, J. / Schweer, B. / Sergienko, G. / Valenza, D.
Werkstoffstruktur und Eigenschaften; IWV-2
Physica scripta, T91 (2001) S. 117
Bristol IoP Publ. 2001
117
Journal Article
Verbundwerkstoffe für thermisch hoch beanspruchte Komponenten
Physica Scripta T91
J
For the actively cooled first wall panels of the W7-X stellarator under construction at Greifswald, Germany, boron carbide (B4C) coatings with a thickness up to 500 mum are being developed as plasma facing surface on the stainless steel component. Different coating technologies (vacuum plasma spray (VPS), atmospherical plasma spray (APS)) are investigated. Cfiaracterisation of the coatings comprises metallographic and SEM investigations, impurity determination and measurement of the thermal conductivity, characterisation of the sputtering behaviour and the behaviour under plasma exposure. First in-pile-tests in the tokamak TEXTOR-94 at the Research Centre Juelich have been performed. 10 poloidal limiter elements and 5 test limiters made of copper with a 170 mum thick B4C VPS coating were exposed to plasma discharges with ohmic and additional heating. By varying the limiter positions and plasma density, different loading conditions were imposed. After exposure, the test limiters were removed for further analyses. First results showed the formation of small craters in the coating, probably due to arcing. Although melting occurred within a limited zone around the craters, the coatings did not detach from the substrate or show severe cracking outside the molten area.