Correlated displacement–T2 MRI by means of a Pulsed Field Gradient-Multi Spin Echo method
Windt, Carel
Vergeldt, Frank J. / Van As, Henk (Corresponding author)
Pflanzenwissenschaften; IBG-2
Journal of magnetic resonance, 185 (2007) 2, S. 230 - 239
Amsterdam [u.a.] Elsevier 2007
17236795
10.1016/j.jmr.2006.12.015
Journal Article
Plant Science
Please use the identifier: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmr.2006.12.015 in citations.
A method for correlated displacement–T2 imaging is presented. A Pulsed Field Gradient-Multi Spin Echo (PFG-MSE) sequence is used to record T2 resolved propagators on a voxel-by-voxel basis, making it possible to perform single voxel correlated displacement–T2 analyses. In spatially heterogeneous media the method thus gives access to sub-voxel information about displacement and T2 relaxation. The sequence is demonstrated using a number of flow conducting model systems: a tube with flowing water of variable intrinsic T2’s, mixing fluids of different T2’s in an ‘‘X’’-shaped connector, and an intact living plant. PFG-MSE can be applied to yield information about the relation between flow, pore size and exchange behavior, and can aid volume flow quantification by making it possible to correct for T2 relaxation during the displacement labeling period D in PFG displacement imaging methods. Correlated displacement–T2 imaging can be of special interest for a number of research subjects, such as the flow of liquids and mixtures of liquids or liquidsand solids moving through microscopic conduits of different sizes (e.g., plants, porous media, bioreactors, biomats).