This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2001 

Antiferromagnetic order and phase transitions in GdS as studied with X-ray resonance-exchange scattering
Brückel, T.
Hupfeld, D. / Strempfer, J. / Caliebe, J. D. / Mattenberger, K. / Stunault, N. V. / Bernhoeft, N. / McIntyre, G. J.
Streumethoden; IFF-STM
The @European physical journal / B, 19 (2001) S. 475 - 490
Berlin Springer 2001
475 - 490
Journal Article
Methodenentwicklung für Synchrotron- und Neutronenstrahlung
European Physical Journal B 19
Please use the identifier: in citations.
We report on X-ray resonance exchange and neutron scattering of metallic GdS. At the L-II and L-III absorption edges of Gd, resonance enhancements of more than two orders of magnitude over the non-resonant magnetic scattering: are observed. Polarisation analysis proves that these enhancements are due to dipolar transitions from the 2p to the 5d states. The branching ratio between the L-II and L-III edges of 2.5 suggests a polarisation of the 5d electrons in the ground state. The antiferromagnetic order is of type II in the fcc lattice. Single crystal diffraction of hot neutrons suggests that the spin direction lies within the (111) planes with a value for the sublattice magnetisation of 6.51(3) mu (B). The critical exponent for the sublattice magnetisation has a value of beta = 0.38(2) in agrement with a pure Heisenberg model. Above TN, a sharp component persists ill the critical diffuse scattering. Lattice distortions give indications for two additional low-temperature phase transitions at about 49 K and 32 K. We argue that these transitions are not connected to spin reorientations and discuss the possible influence of fourth-order exchange interactions.