This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2003 

Nutrient translocation in the xylem of popular - diurnal variations and spatial distribution along the shoot axis
Siebrecht, S.
Herdel, K. / Schurr, U.
Phytosphäre; ICG-III
Planta, 217 (2003) S. 783 - 793
Berlin Springer 2003
783 - 793
10.1007/s00425-003-1041-4
12721678
Journal Article
Chemie und Dynamik der Geo-Biosphäre
Planta 217
J
Please use the identifier: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-003-1041-4 in citations.
This investigation shows diurnal variations in the xylem sap composition of poplar (Populus tremula x P. alba). All major macronutrients reached a maximum concentration in the first half of the light period and decreased to the middle of the night. The relative abundance of the nutrients did not change during the day. The sap flow, which responded very fast to the environmental changes (2.2-fold increase within 10-20 min of illumination), reached a maximum value in the second half of the light period. Transpiration (and photosynthesis) was constant throughout the light phase. The calculated translocation rates displayed a maximum in the first half of the light period and therefore did not fit the time course of sap flow. During the night, translocation rates were 63-69% lower than the maximum. The regulation of nutrient translocation is discussed taking the active xylem loading into account. The axial distribution located the nitrate assimilation in younger leaves and storage of nitrate (and other macronutrients) in older leaves. Nitrate and potassium concentrations in the xylem sap did not change along the plant axis. However, the sap flow was greater in younger shoot sections than in older sections. We assume that the greater demand for nitrate in the younger shoot section was satisfied via an increased volume flow rather an increased nitrate concentration.