This title appears in the Scientific Report : 2005 

Influence of impurities on the conductivity of composites in the system (3YSZ)1-x-(MgO)x
Shiratori, Yu.
Tietz, F. / Penkalla, H.-J. / He, J. Q. / Shiratori, Yo. / Stöver, D.
Elektronische Materialien; IFF-IEM
Werkstoffstruktur und Eigenschaften; IWV-2
Werkstoffsynthese und Herstellungsverfahren; IWV-1
Journal of power sources, 148 (2005) S. 32 - 42
New York, NY [u.a.] Elsevier 2005
32 - 42
Journal Article
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
Journal of Power Sources 148
Please use the identifier: in citations.
(3YSZ)(1-x)-(MgO)(x) form composites above x = 0.15, which consist of stabilized-zirconia and magnesia. Electrical conductivities of the two-phase composites were measured by the four-probe DC technique. Negative influences of impurities such as SiO2 on the conductivity are discussed with the aid of microstructural investigations using SEM and TEM. In the investigated composites, the impurities do not directly affect the electrical conduction as current blockers at grain boundaries as usually observed in pure YSZ electrolytes. Microstructural investigation using HRTEM revealed that grain boundaries of the stabilized zirconia are very clean because the silicon and aluminum oxide impurities react with MgO to form discrete Mg2SiO4 and MgAl2O4 grains in the electrolytes, respectively. A theoretical approach taking into consideration continuous volumes of existing phases reveals that the conductivity of the two-phase composites depends on the phase continuity. The reduction of the continuity of the zirconia phase is the main reason for the decrease of conductivity in the present system. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.