Extending Insurance? [E-Book]: Funeral Associations in Ethiopia and Tanzania / Stefan Dercon ... [et al]
Dercon, Stefan.
Bold, Tessa. / De Weerdt, Joachim. / Pankhurst, Alula.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2004
46 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
englisch
10.1787/103027727461
OECD Development Centre Working Papers ; 240
Development
Ethiopia
Tanzania, United Republic of
Full Text
This paper studies the development of indigenous insurance institutions set up to help cover the high costs of funerals, using evidence from rural areas in Tanzania and Ethiopia. Many of these institutions tend to co-exist within the same community and are based on well-defined rules and regulations, often offering premium-based insurance for funeral expenses, as well as, in many cases, other forms of insurance and credit to help address hardship. The paper argues that the characteristics and inclusiveness of these institutions make them well placed as models to broaden insurance provision and other development activities in these communities. In Ethiopia, there is some encouraging experience with using these institutions, as reviewed in this paper. However, the paper argues that their fragility as institutions is well illustrated by current pressures related to HIV/AIDS, as well as by their apparent resistance to engage more broadly with NGOs and government agencies. As a ...