Career Interruptions Due to Parental Leave [E-Book]: A Comparative Study of Denmark and Sweden / Elina Pylkkänen and Nina Smith
Pylkkänen, Elina.
Smith, Nina.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2003
40 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
englisch
10.1787/048564246616
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers ; 1
Social Issues/Migration/Health
Denmark
Sweden
Full Text
Parental leave mandates are associated with high female employment rates, but with reductions in relative female wages if leave is of extended durations. If fathers were given longer periods of leave, would it shorten the career breaks of women? We analyze the impact of family policies of Denmark and Sweden on women’s career breaks due to childbirth. These countries are culturally similar and share the same type of welfare state ideology, but differ remarkably in pursued family policies. Compared to Denmark, leave provisions in Sweden are more generous in terms of both duration and payment rates, and allow for flexible use until the child is 8 years old. In both countries childcare coverage rates are high, but very young (age 0-2) Danish children are more likely to be in day-care than in Sweden. This setting provides us with a fruitful point of departure to analyze explicitly the effects of different family policy regimes on job retention of Danish and Swedish mothers. Our ...