Social Security Reform in Brazil [E-Book]: Achievements and Remaining Challenges / Fabio Giambiagi and Luiz de Mello
Giambiagi, Fabio.
de Mello, Luiz.
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2006
22 p. ; 21 x 29.7cm.
OECD Economics Department Working Papers ; 534
Full Text
This paper reviews the main elements of social security reform in Brazil since 1998 and discusses areas where further policy action is yet to be taken to ensure the sustainability of the social-security system over time. Outlays on pensions paid to private-sector workers have risen as a result of population ageing and the increase in the value of the minimum wage in real terms, to which the minimum pension is linked. Some features of existing social protection programmes, including means-tested old-age and disability-related benefits, reduce the incentives facing workers to seek social security coverage. At the same time, an expansion of the base of contributions to social security has been constrained by widespread labour informality. Further reform will therefore need to focus on options for containing the rise in social security spending while tackling labour informality so as to broaden the base of contributions.