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 The second mission of the CRyogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere (CRISTA) experiment took place in August 1997. The experiment was flown aboard the ASTROnomical Shuttle PAllet Satellite (ASTRO-SPAS) free-flying platform launched by the NASA space shuttle. CRISTA analy...
|Grossmann, K. U.
|Offermann, D. / Gusev, O. / Oberheide, J. / Riese, M. / Spang, R.
|Journal of Geophysical Research Journal of geophysical research / Atmospheres, 107 (2002)
Chemie und Dynamik der Geo-Biosphäre
Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
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Please use the identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/2128/20912 in citations.
 The second mission of the CRyogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere (CRISTA) experiment took place in August 1997. The experiment was flown aboard the ASTROnomical Shuttle PAllet Satellite (ASTRO-SPAS) free-flying platform launched by the NASA space shuttle. CRISTA analyzes the infrared radiation emitted by trace gases from the Earth limb in the altitude regime from the upper troposphere to the lower thermosphere. The main aim of CRISTA is to detect small-scale dynamically induced structures in the distribution of trace constituents in the middle atmosphere. The instrument is therefore equipped with three telescopes that simultaneously collect the infrared radiation from three different air volumes. The high spatial density of the measurement grid obtained during the first CRISTA mission in November 1994, as well as the latitudinal coverage, was considerably improved by making use of newly developed satellite pointing and maneuvering capabilities. The altitude coverage was extended to include the upper troposphere where water vapor distributions are analyzed. Dynamically induced features are observed in practically all trace gases and at various spatial scales. The smallest scales that could be analyzed on the basis of the CRISTA data set are well below 100 km. Compared to the first mission, much more emphasis was laid on measurements in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere-this was possible because of higher radiometric sensitivities in some channels. Atomic oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ozone densities are derived in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere. The mission conditions allowed the study of polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) over the Antarctic and of polar mesospheric clouds (PMC) at high northern latitudes. For the first time, summer high latitude mesopause temperatures were retrieved from CO2 15-mum spectra using a nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium model. The derived temperatures compare well with a temperature climatology based on rocket soundings.